Difference Between NET and SET | NET vs SET Exams

Difference Between NET and SET

Difference Between NET and SET | NET vs SET Exams: Want to know the exact Difference Between NET and SET. Or are you wondering about NET vs SET Exams which one would be apt, what to choose, and what would the exam be like? If you are surrounded by all these types of questions. Leave your doubts and queries at the doorstep. Because we have got the best answers for you. This page will be the best guide to help you understand the major Difference Between NET and SET and what exactly is NET vs SET Exams like. Read through this article and get equipped with the knowledge that you need to acquire.

Difference Between NET & SET Exams

This is the most important section of the article that is going to provide you will all the essential details that candidates need to be aware of. Apart from knowing the basics. Here is the crucial point of reference that you need to head forward with. There is quite less Difference Between NET and SET Exams. Read through and you can easily understand the criteria. Check the following.

NET is organized on a broad scale. However, approximately 5% of the total candidates are able to succeed. SET qualified candidates are quite higher.
Conducted twice a year Conducted once every year
Eligible for teaching in any college in the country Eligible to teach only particular state-owned colleges/ universities
Awarded Junior Fellowships Candidates are awarded Junior Fellowship if they have passed the SET and applied for the same during the application registration.
National Level Selection State-level Selection

NET and SET Conducting Bodies

This section of the article will guide you through gaining a better understanding of NET and SET Conducting Bodies. The NET and SET exams are conducted by different bodies. The NET exam is conducted by the national-level bodies and the SET 2022 exam is conducted by the respective state-level body. Read through the table below for clear insight.

Exam Name Exam Level Conducting Body
UGC NET National National Testing Agency (NTA)
CSIR NET National National Testing Agency (NTA)
MH SET State Savitribai Phule Pune University (SPPU)
ASRB NET National Agriculture Scientists Recruitment Board (ASRB)
KSET State Karnataka State Eligibility Test Center, University of Mysore
APSET State Andhra University, Vishakhapatnam

What is NET & SET?

NET is also called as National Eligibility Test. Whereas SET is also referred to as State Eligibly Test. Now, let us begin with understanding the use of these exams. Here are some of the common perspectives of NET and SET.

  • NET and SET exams are for those candidates who are willing to stand as assistant professors or lecturers.
  • These exams determine the eligibility of the candidate to be suitable for these roles.
  • Additionally, NET and SET exams contribute to determining the eligibility for various college and universities level lectureships.
  • Thus, these exams award the Junior Research Fellowship (JRF) to Indian nationals. This in turn proceeds to pursue their Ph.D. program or research.
  • Note that, the majority of the aspirants often apply for both exams.

NET Vs SET Exams

NET or National Eligibility Test is conducted at the national level basis. This is from the national-level bodies that foresee the profile of eligibility of the candidates for Assistant Professor or Junior Research Fellowship (JRF) or even both. This exam is conducted every year in India as follows-

  • UGC NET or University Grants Commission National Eligibility Test
  • Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) NET
  • ICAR NET or Indian Council of Agriculture Research National Eligibility Test

SET or also known as the State Eligibly Test is conducted at the state level. This particular exam is conducted by various state-controlled bodies of various states in India. For instance, Andhra Pradesh State Eligibility Test (APSET) is for AP. So, here are the examination conducting bodies for SET are mentioned in the table below.

Rajasthan State Eligibility Test (RSET) West Bengal State Eligibility Test (WB SET)
Uttarakhand State Eligibility Test (USET) Telangana State Eligibility Test (TSSET)
Maharashtra State Eligibility Test (MH SET)/ UNIPUNE SET Tamil Nadu State Eligibility Test (TNSET)
Madhya Pradesh State Eligibility Test (MP SET) Karnataka State Eligibility Test (KSET)
Kerala State Eligibility Test (Kerala SET) Jammu & Kashmir State Eligibility Test (JK SET)
Himachal Pradesh State Eligibility Test (HP SET) Gujarat State Eligibility Test (GSET)
Chhattisgarh State Eligibility Test (CG SET) Assam State Level Eligibility Test (Assam SLET)

Frequency of NET & SET Exams

Aspirants have to take note of the following. As there is a slight difference in the Frequency of NET & SET Exams. This is the major thing that you need to know of.

  • UGC NET and CISR NET exams are conducted twice a year.
  • ASRB NET is conducted only once a year.
  • However, SET exams are generally conducted once a year.
  • But, the Kerala SET exam is conducted twice every year.

NET Vs SET: Eligibility Criteria

This section of the page will give a clear perspective on the NET vs. SET: Eligibility Criteria. Knowing such information is indeed important. It states a clear perspective of the exam and knowing the credibility that the exam carries. Read through the following.

NET Eligibility Criteria SET Eligibility Criteria
No upper age limit is set for applying for Assistant Professor. There is no age restriction.
Upper Age Limit is 30 years (For JRF).
Relaxation of upto 5 years for sc/st/obc-ncl/women/armed forces personnel’s /pwd/ transgender/ researchers , 3 years for L.L.M degree holder.
Aspirants who have obtained a minimum of 55% marks (General category) and 50% (SC/ST/PwD) in Master’s Degree or equivalent examination from universities/institutions recognized by UGC in the list of subjects at the Post-graduation level are eligible for this Test. Candidates who have achieved their master’s or post-graduation from the University Grant Commission (UGC) can appeal for the SET exam.
Candidates who are currently in their Master’s degree course or equivalent course or candidates who have appeared for their Master’s degree (final year) examination and whose result is still awaited may also apply for this Test.


CISR NET and ASRB NET Eligibility Criteria is indeed an important part to consider. However, on the other side of the coin, there are a few essentials that candidates have to note-

CSIR NET Eligibility Criteria ASRB NET Eligibility Criteria
Candidates need to score at least 55% of marks for the unreserved category A Masters’s degree is mandatory for the subject opted for lectureship or JRF.
From the reservation category candidates, it is 50% marks for candidates with any post-graduation subject that should be recognised by UGC.
The age restriction for Junior Research Fellowship is 28 years. However, there is no age restriction.
Although, there is no age boundary for Lectureship.

NET Vs SET: Exam Pattern

Well, we have now reached the main part of the topic i.e NET vs. SET: Exam Pattern. Look at the briefs given and you can have a good understanding of the structure of the exam. This will further give you an insight into how the exam s designed and other parameters that will be essential for gaining knowledge about the exam.

NET Exam Pattern SET Exam Pattern
UGC NET is divided into two Papers, I and II. The SET exam consists of two papers, i.e. I and II.
There is no negative marking. There is no negative marking.
Duration- 3 hours combined for both papers 1 and 2. No breaks in between. Based on the state authority, the exam may be conducted in one single stretch or two sessions on the same day.
Paper I carries 100 marks, and Paper-II carries 200 marks. The total number of questions is 150, and the marks are 300.


CISR NET and ASRB NET Exam Pattern are quite relatable. Additionally, for those of you who are opting for the CISR NET and ASRB NET – take note of the following.

CISR NET Exam Pattern ASRB NET Exam Pattern
There are three sections in this exam. Part – A, Part – B, and Part- C in a single paper This exam is conducted in a single paper.
The total duration is 3 hours. The total time duration is 2 hours.
It is conducted for a total of 200 marks. The exam includes 150 objective type multiple-choice questions.
Negative marking is different for each subject. There is a negative marking for each wrong answer.
The marking scheme is different for each subject. The exam consists of 150 marks.

Differences Between NET & SET Exams

To embark upon the whole article, there are certain contracts that are set among the NET and SET exams which we have discussed earlier. However, both NET and SET are considered to be essential for aspirants who are aiming for lectureship and Junior Research Fellowship in esteemed universities/colleges. To embark upon the truth, Indian Universities and colleges target excellent talents with specified qualifications and extreme skills.

Although, NET is sighed to be a little difficult compared to SET. it gives all access to the national level eligibility. Additionally, this again depends on the choice of candidates. They have the flexibility to go for both exams at the same time. Hope you have aced your level of knowledge through this article.

To ace up, both NET and SET will give the best value-oriented career. Do the best preparation and ace your preferred exam. Do well. And do not forget to stay connected at Exams.Freshersnow.Com.

★ You Can Also Check ★
UGC NET Syllabus CSIR UGC NET Syllabus
UGC NET Previous Question Papers CSIR UGC NET Previous Question Papers
UGC NET Admit Card CSIR UGC NET Admit Card
UGC NET Exam Analysis CSIR UGC NET Paper Analysis
UGC NET Answer Key CSIR UGC NET Answer Key